Projects - INSTI

PROJECTS

NEW RESEARCH
  1. Assessment of the Impact of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) on Teaching and Learning in Basic and Second Cycles Schools in Ghana.

    Principal investigator: Dr. G. K. Frempong

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Dr. R. Y. Kofie, Dzandu, L, P., Osei, S. K., Folitse, B. Y, Obeng-Koranteng, G, Opoku-Dwomoh, C.

    Background information and justification

    The role of ICTs in education cannot be over-emphasized as it is expanding the horizon of education in many countries and has been recognized as both a necessity and an opportunity. ICT has the potential to widen access to education at all levels, to overcome physical distances, increase training opportunities, and to empower teachers and learners through access to information and innovative learning approaches – both in the classroom, from a distance, and in non-formal settings. Increase in use of ICTs including radio, television, telephone and internet will facilitate meeting the basic educational requirements of children, youth and adults. The potential of ICTs in education provide windows of opportunities for the public and private sector to adequately exploit these opportunities to enable all countries to take part in the digital revolution.

    The Ministry of Education as a result developed an ICT policy for implementation and management. The policy is to guide the rapid deployment of ICTs in all sectors and levels of education as well as in the allied agencies. This policy is to work in consonance with the National ICT Policy which identified education as one the priority focus areas for development. Some selected second cycle institutions in deprived communities in the country had received computers from Ghana Investment Fund for Electronic Communication to support teaching and learning in some schools. The implementation of the policy and the associated initiatives has gone on for a number of years. The questions to ask are: ‘What has been its impact on teaching and learning?’ ‘Are there adequate infrastructure and facilities for the students to gain hands-on experience?’ There has been no critical assessment of the impact of ICT on teaching and learning. Meanwhile, ICT has become an examinable subject for all basic school candidates in Ghana. It is therefore important for an assessment to be carried out to determine the extent to which the policy and other initiatives have been implemented in public basic and second cycle schools in the country.

    Objective

    The general objective of the study is to assess the impact of ICTs on teaching and learning in basic and second cycle schools in Ghana.

    The specific objectives of the study are to:

    1. Ascertain the infrastructure available for ICT teaching and learning.
    2. Investigate the skills of teachers for ICT application in both first and second circle public schools.
    3. Determine the impact the implementation of ICT is having on teaching and learning in both first and second circle public schools
    4. Investigate the challenges that might hinder the implementation of ICTs in schools.

    Expected beneficiaries: Ministry of Education, Administrators of Education, Policy makers, stakeholders in Education

    Materials and methods

    The study will adopt qualitative and quantitative methods in data collection. The qualitative method will involve interviews with Head-teachers, Head-masters/Head-mistresses, and teachers of ICTs in the various schools. Focus group discussions with selected students from the schools will also be held, to ascertain the impact of ICTs on teaching and learning. Heads of ICT Directorates of Ghana Education Service in the various districts will also the interviewed. With the quantitative data collection, a survey using questionnaires on target groups will be conducted.

  2. Research Scientists’ Knowledge in the Use of Internet Resources for Research in the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Ghana.

    Principal investigator:Benjamin Folitse

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Osei, S. K., Dzandu, L, P. Obeng-Koranteng, G.,

    Background information and justification

    Research Scientists in the CSIR need relevant information to undertake research. Internet resources are a major source of information and it is appropriate that research scientists are able to access the resources available on the Internet. The main purpose of the study is to assess the knowledge of agricultural research scientists in the use of Internet for research within the CSIR, Ghana. It is anticipated that the results would be used by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research and other stakeholders to plan training programmes for Agricultural Research Scientists and formulate policies to address the use of the Internet for agricultural development in Ghana.

    Objective

    The objectives of the study are to:

    1. Describe the demographic, work and internet use background of research scientists within the CSIR
    2. Determine the extent of Internet use in research
    3. Examine the Internet skills of research scientists
    4. Define the relationship between Internet skills and demographics, work and Internet background of research scientist

    Expected beneficiaries: CSIR Management, CSIR Research Scientists

    Materials and methods: Questionnaires and Interviews

  3. The Impact of Indigenous Food Processing Technologies on Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Ghana.

    Start Date: December, 2015

    Principal investigator: Grace Obeng–Koranteng, CSIR-INSTI, Ghana.

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Benjamin Folitse, Lucy Dzandu, Simon K. Osei

    Background information and justification

    Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) play an important and central role in the development of the Ghanaian economy. Essentially, some locally institutions has been established to produce indigenous food processing machines to enable the SMEs who are into food processing business to use the technology to process food. However, since the establishments of these manufacturing institutions, no study has been conducted to find out the effect of Indigenous food processing technologies on SMEs. Consequently, effort is being made to assess the activities of the institutions manufacturing the indigenous food processing machines and ascertain how significant the traditional machines are benefiting the SMEs and also, attempt to identify some of the challenges both the producers of the indigenous technology and SMEs are facing.

    Objective

    The general objective of the study is to examine the use of indigenous food processing technologies by SMEs in Ghana. The specific objectives of the study are to:

    1. Examine the use of indigenous food processing technologies in the promotion of small and medium enterprises
    2. Determine the types of services offered by the manufacturers of indigenous food processing technologies to the SMEs.
    3. Find out the level of patronage of indigenous food processing technologies by small and medium enterprises
    4. Identify challenges faced by the manufacturers of indigenous food processing technologies and the SMEs

    Expected beneficiaries: SMEs, Policy makers.

    Materials and methods

    The survey research design will be used for this study. The population will consist of GRATIS, KNUST and the SMEs in food processing enterprises in Accra and Kumasi. Random sampling technique, where all subjects will have an equal probability of being selected and used in the study will be considered. Structured questionnaires will be used for data collection

ON-GOING RESEARCH
  1. Publishing trends of Scientists of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research

    Principal investigator: Mrs. Lucy Dzandu, CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Simon Osei, Benjamin Folitse, and Jeffrey Yeboah, CSIR-INSTI, Ghana.

    Objective

    1. to collect bibliographic data on publications
    2. to produce a directory from the publications
    3. to catalogue publications resulting from research to avoid unnecessary duplication and waste of limited funds
    4. to disseminate the information compiled to research scientists, University teachers and students, policy makers and planners and industrialists

    Methodology

    The study used a secondary data. These were the annual reports of all CSIR from 1972 to 2012 that were available in the library in CSIR-INSTI. All annual reports have one of the appendices being ‘List of staff publications’. The staff publications include journal papers, technical reports, conference papers, administrative reports, consultancy reports, newsletter articles, newspaper articles and chapters in books. These were used for the study.

    Results achieved so far

    Data has been collected. A database has also been created. Fields identified include: Type of Document, Author(s), Title, Source, and Institute. One thousand, seven hundred and sixty records have so far been entered into the database. The results have been analyzed.

    Way forward

    A technical report would be developed and submitted to Management. Thereafter, an article would be published in a peer-reviewed journal to make the findings known to stakeholders.

  2. The present status of Shallot (allium ascalonicuml) farming in the Keta Municipality, Ghana

    Principal investigator: Benjamin Yao Folitse, CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Grace Obeng-Koranteng, Simon Kwame Osei, Lucy Payne Dzandu, CSIR-INSTI, Ghana.

    Objective

    The general objective of the study was to describe the status of the shallot farming enterprise in Ghana based on a case study of the Keta Municipality.

    The specific objectives were to:

    1. Describe the characteristics of the shallot farmers
    2. Identify the challenges and prospects of the shallot farming business in the country.

    Purpose of project

    To provide empirical information on the status of the shallot farming business in Ghana; this hopefully will inform production and policy decisions by government and stakeholders including farmers in their effort to promote sustainable shallot production in Ghana.

    Methodology

    The Keta Municipality was purposively selected as a case study area because it is a major shallot growing area in Ghana

    Results achieved so far

    Field trip to Keta Municipality has been made. Qualitative and quantitative data has been collected and has been analyzed. A report has been written.

    Way forward

    Results of the study will be communicated to stakeholders through the publication of an article. The paper for publication has been submitted to publishers (International Journal of Vegetable Science) and it is receiving attention.

  3. Access to Agricultural Information in the Districts and Municipalities in Ghana by Agricultural Extension Agents

    Principal investigator: Simon K. Osei, CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Benjamin Y. Folitse, and Joel Sam, CSIR-INSTI, Ghana.

    Objective

    The objective of the study was to find whether infrastructure in the form of libraries and information centres exist in the district and municipal offices, internet connectivity and availability of computers. It also sought to find out if there are enough information materials available in the libraries of District/Municipal Agricultural Directorates in Ghana.

    Methodology

    Qualitative and quantitative techniques were used to collect data. Ghana has 216 districts/municipalities. Extension workers were drawn from seventy-two (72) districts/municipalities which yielded one hundred and forty four (144) extension officers.

    Results achieved so far

    Data has been collected - a total of 144 questionnaires distributed to extension officers had been returned. The data collected has been analyzed, and a report written

    Way forward

    The results of the study will be communicated to stakeholders. An article has been written and is undergoing peer-review from colleagues in order to be published.

  4. Factors influencing the use of mobile phones in communicating agricultural information among farmers in Ghana: A case of Ho West District, Volta Region.

    Start date: February 2015

    Principal investigator: Benjamin Yao Folitse, CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Collins Opoku –Dwomoh, Lucy Dzandu, CSIR-INSTI, Ghana.

    Objective

    The specific objectives were to:

    1. Determine how ICTs can enhance access to agricultural information.
    2. Identify the role of specific ICTs in agricultural production and agribusiness.
    3. Examine the effectiveness of the commonly used ICTs in the creation and sharing of agricultural knowledge and information services.
    4. Evaluate the factors which limit the effectiveness of ICTs in facilitating agricultural production and agribusiness in the study area

    Methodology

    The study will involve a combination of approaches whereby both random and non-random sampling techniques will be employed in selecting the study area and respondents.

    Study area: The study will be conducted in four of the eight farming communities in the District.

    Data Collection

    Various techniques will be used in data collection; primary data will be collected through interviews and questionnaire. Interviews will use to collect data from rural communities. Questionnaires will be used to collect data from agricultural extension agents.

    Results achieved so far

    Questionnaire and interview schedules for the study have been developed.

    Way forward

    Data collection originally scheduled for November 2015 has been postponed to March 2016. It was postponed due to financial constraints.

  5. Assessment of Grasscutter (Thryonomys Swinderianus) Production Technologies in the Agona West Municipality, Central Region - Ghana

    Start date: February 2015

    Principal investigator: Benjamin Yao Folitse, CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Lucy Dzandu, Simon K. Osei, and Emmanuel Mensah (University of Cape Coast Practice School, Cape Coast)

    Objective

    The objectives were to:

    1. Identify the socio-economic characteristics of respondents,
    2. Assess the impact of the technologies on respondents’ production,
    3. Assess the extent to which the socio-economic characteristics of respondents influence the use of grasscutter production technologies
    4. Determine the impact of grasscutter production technologies on respondents’ livelihoods.

    Methodology

    Study area: The Agona West Municipal is located in the eastern portion of the Central Region

    Data Collection

    In all, a total of 140 respondents from the study area were selected using simple random sampling procedure from a population of 400 grasscutter farmers. An interview schedule was used to elicit information from the 140 selected respondents. Descriptive statistics such as means, frequencies and percentages were used to analyze the result. Inferential statistics used was Logistic Regression to establish the relationship between respondents’ socio-economic characteristics and adoption of grasscutter production technologies. The Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS) software version 16 was used in the analysis of the data.

    Results achieved so far

    Data has been collected and analyzed. A technical report has been written and an article for publication has also been developed.

    Way forward

    The article has been submitted to a peer reviewed journal and is receiving attention.

  6. Sources of information for urban vegetable farmers in Ghana: the case of Accra.

    Start date: January 2015

    Principal investigator: Simon K. Osei, CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Benjamin Y. Folitse, Lucy P. Dzandu and Grace Obeng-Koranteng

    Objective

    The objectives were to:

    1. Find out the socio-demographic background of vegetable farmers in the area of study.
    2. Ascertain the information sources of vegetable farmers.
    3. Determine the level of usage of the information acquired.
    4. Identify the challenges faced by vegetable farmers in accessing information.

    Methodology

    Study area: The study was conducted in the Greater Accra region of Ghana specifically the vegetable growing areas of Mamobi, Dzorwulu and Korle Bu.

    Data Collection

    Data used for this study were mainly primary and were obtained from the vegetable farmers using questionnaire. One hundred farmers were used for the study – 45 farmers were selected from Mamobi, 35 from Dzorwulu and 20 from Korle Bu.

    Results achieved so far

    Data has been collected and analyzed. A technical report has also been written.

    Way forward

    A paper for publication has been developed and accepted by the journal of Information Development (In press)

  7. Perceived Impact of Royal FM Agricultural Programme on Farmers' Livelihoods among five Districts and Municipalities in the Brong-Ahafo Region of Ghana

    Start date: June 2015

    Principal investigator: Benjamin Y. Folitse , CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Osei, K. Simon, Dzandu, P. Lucy, and Obeng-Koranteng, Grace

    Objective

    The objectives were to:

    1. Describe the socio-economic characteristics of the farmers in the study area,
    2. Assess agricultural knowledge gained by the listeners,
    3. Ascertain the perceived impact of the programme on farmers' livelihoods in the five Districts and Municipalities in the area of study,
    4. Determine farmers’ level of satisfaction with the Royal FM Agricultural programme

    Methodology

    Study area: The study was conducted in Banda, Jaman North, Tain District and Wenchi and Techiman municipalities, all in the Brong-Ahafo region of Ghana.

    Data Collection

    Data were collected through the use of interview schedule. Descriptive statistics such as means, frequencies and percentages were used to analyze the result.

    Results achieved so far

    Data has been collected and analyzed. A technical report and an article have been written.

    Way forward

    The article has been submitted to the Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology for publication, and is receiving attention.

  8. Influence of Socio-economic Characteristics of Farmers on listenership of Agricultural Radio programme: A case study of Central Region of Ghana

    Start date: June 2015

    Principal investigator: Benjamin Y. Folitse , CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Festus Annor-Frempong

    Objective

    The objectives were to:

    1. Determine the socio-demographic background of farmers influence the extent to which farmers listen to Radio agricultural programme.
    2. Examine the influence of Radio agricultural programme on farmers’ livelihood in the catchment area of broadcasting.
    3. Establish the challenges associated with the listenership of Radio agricultural programme in the study area.

    Methodology

    Study area: The study was conducted in Gomoa East, Gomoa West, Awutu-Senya districts, and Efutu and Agona West municipalities.

    Data Collection

    Data was collected through personal interview using structured interview schedule developed for the study. In all 396 farmers were interviewed. Data generated were analyzed using the descriptive statistics, Chi-square, T-test and logistic regression. The software used for the analysis was the SPSS version 21.

    Results achieved so far

    Data has been collected and analyzed.

    Way forward

    An article has been written and is undergoing peer review by colleagues.

  9. Users’ perception of the quality of service provided by an academic library: The case of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources Library of Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

    Start date: May 2015

    Principal investigator: Collins Opoku-Dwomoh , CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Folitse, Benjamin, Ahianyevi, Edinam, and Asare-Kyire, Densi (Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi)

    Objective

    The objectives were to:

    1. Measure the service quality perception of users of the CANR Library
    2. Determine the most important SERVQUAL dimension to the users

    Methodology

    The study was conducted in the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources Library (CANR Library). Data was collected from 250 students who are users of the library. The data collected was organized and analyzed using SPSS. Descriptive statistics were generated and reported in tables and charts. Mean values were reported to account for general responses provided by respondents on variables studied.

    Results achieved so far

    Data has been collected and analyzed. A technical report has been written and an article has also been written.

    Way forward

    The article has been submitted for publication and is receiving attention.

  10. Developing a framework for geo-spatial data integration for district level planning in Ghana

    Start date: January 2015

    Principal investigator: Dr. Richard Y. Kofie (Principal Research Scientist) , CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Dr. Albert Allotey (Research Scientist) & Mr. Christian Lettu (Research Scientist)

    Collaborating institutions:Ga West District and South Dayi District Assemblies

    Objective

    The objectives to:

    1. Investigate the spatial data components of the data generated by the various departments
    2. Develop a framework that will guide data integration for the use of geospatial datasets in the district assemblies
    3. To design the type of approach needed for the data integration
    4. To recommend a prototype GIS for the districts.

    Methodology

    1. Literature search/review on methods of achieving data integration
    2. Survey of the districts through visits to identify the departments or functional agencies to ascertain spatial data types generated and the type of linkages they have with sister departments
    3. Design and administration of questionnaire among the departments in the district assemblies
    4. Conduct interviews with Coordinating Directors and Planning officers on means of achieving data integration in each district context
    5. Data analysis and development of research outcome
    6. Publication of result.

    Results achieved so far

    A questionnaire was administered in the district departments (listed below), soliciting information on the linkages or data collaboration that exist within and between departments or units. This is to aid in the design of a framework that would enable the district coordinating units to know the data types that exist in the various units within Ga West Municipal Assembly.

    1. Municipal Planning Coordinating Unit
    2. Health Service Delivery Unit
    3. Town and Country Planning
    4. Department of Social Welfare
    5. Department of Food and Agriculture
    6. National Youth Council
    7. Births and Deaths Registry
    8. Department of Environmental Health
    9. Works Department
    10. Forestry Department
    11. Ghana Education Service, Ga West
    12. Department of Community Development.

    The survey in South Dayi District was abandoned as the coordinating directorate indicated their inability to provide information since the official in charge was transferred to another district. The focus of the study therefore would be based on Ga West Municipal Assembly.

    Way forward

    1. Data for Ga West Municipal Assembly is to be summarized and presented.
    2. IT programming support would be sought for the feasibility of data integration in ICT platform.
    3. Summary of the report data sets collected so far is to be summarized and report produced.
  11. The geospatial dimension of soil suitability categorization for Agricultural improvement in South Tongu District of Ghana.

    Start date: 2014

    Principal investigator: Christian Lettu, CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Dr. Richard Kofie & Dr. Albert Allotey

    Collaborating institutions:South Tongu District Assembly & Soil Research Institute (CSIR-SRI)

    Background

    In Ghana, agricultural productivity is essentially determined by many factors which include soil types, rainfall patterns, inputs and prevailing market conditions. The role of soils in the maze of factors is not contestable. This project is being carried out by the Thematic Mapping Division with the sole aim at employing GIS as a tool to depict agricultural resources and help inform decisions for agricultural improvement and increased investment in South Tongu District. It is very important to relate the current land/soils use patterns in the district as against the recommended land/soil use by FAO. Using the Geographical Information System (GIS), the similarities and differences would be extracted and presented in map form with recommendations for agricultural improvement and enhance productivity. This research would serve to make extension work easier and meaningful and would be a positive way of realizing the goal of agricultural improvement and increased investment in the district.

    Objective

    To depict soil and soil suitability information in map form in order to aid agricultural planning and policy decision-making that would help improve and increase agricultural productivity.

    Materials and Methods

    The study would look at the FAO 1990 soil suitability classification for the district as a layer or theme and set it against current agricultural land use as another layer. Using the Geospatial Information System (GIS) overlay method of analysis, the similarities and differences would be extracted and presented in map form with recommendations for agricultural improvement and enhanced productivity.

    Results achieved so far

    Overlay analysis and other comaparative analysis have been done. The research report is being finalized.

    Way forward

    A research paper is under preparation for publication in a refereed journal.

  12. Development of Regional Tourist Maps for Ghana.

    Start date: 2014

    Principal investigator: Christian Lettu, CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Dr. Albert Allotey

    Collaborating institutions:Ghana Tourist Authority, MMDAs

    Background

    This project is being carried out by the Thematic Mapping Division. The tourism sector will continue to be very relevant to Ghana’s economy and the anticipated attraction of the country will soar. Tourists would be attracted to the country for various reasons and it is important that mapped information on the sector is carried out not only at the national level but also at the regional and district levels. A few district projects carried out so far has proven this to be useful for promoting tourism and investment. This project will take the districts in each region to be selected for pilot study.

    Objective

    To produce sets of maps depicting the various facets of tourism in Ghana’s regions and districts with prominent photos of tourist sites embedded in them.

    Materials and Methods

    1. Tourism data compilation from secondary sources and classification
    2. Base data capture (Digitization)
    3. Tourist data verification
    4. Tourist data input
    5. Map composition and design
    6. Proof editing and correction
    7. Map reproduction

    Results achieved so far

    Information on all the nine draft regional tourism maps were updated.

    Way forward

    Print would be made and field verification to authenticate the tourist sites would also be carried out when funds are available.

  13. Regional Capital City mapping project

    Start date: 2014

    Principal investigator: Christian Lettu, CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Dr. Albert Allotey & Dr. Richard Kofie

    Background

    Regional capital city maps are needed for effective planning, monitoring and general city development. Again it will be ideal for such regional capital maps to be printed alongside their respective regional tourist maps as has been piloted for the Ashanti region and Kumasi as its regional capital city. The division could not lay hands on any regional capital city map for the under listed cities. There were no regional capital city maps to be updated in this sense, so the division had to start the whole project from the scratch.

    Objective

    To develop regional capital city maps for the ten regional capitals of Ghana.

    Methodology

    Roads and other themes would be digitized using “Google earth” these would create a very large volume of KML files. The large volume of KML files would then be converted to shapefiles using the X’Tool mapping functionality. The shapefiles would then be merged based on themes and a topology created for each theme. After which map design and composition would begin.

    Results achieved so far

    Map design and composition was started for Koforidua, the Eastern Regional capital.

    Way forward

    Draft city map of Koforidua is near completion. Digitizing work on Accra city is on-going.

  14. Development of geo-spatial databases for enhanced district level planning in Ghana: A thematic mapping approach.

    Start date: 2013

    Principal investigator: Dr. Albert Allotey (Research Scientist), CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Mr. Christian Lettu (Research Scientist) & Dr. Richard Kofie (Principal Research Scientist)

    Collaborating Institutions : Ministry of Local Government & Rural Development; District/Municipal/Metropolitan Assemblies

    Objective

    To develop a comprehensive database for the District Assemblies and to map themes relevant for development planning and investment promotion.

    Methodology

    Base maps extraction, data collection, data manipulation and analysis, digitization, maps composition. This involves the extraction of district maps from available Ghana map through a procedure called geo-processing.

    Results achieved so far

    A draft map of Ghana showing the 216 district/municipalities and their capitals have been composed and available for printing. Besides, regional district maps of Upper West, Upper East and Northern regions have been composed.

    Way Forward

    Further editing and composition of other district regional maps for Western, Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central, Volta, Eastern and Greater Accra regions would be accomplished and technical report prepared.

  15. Mapping Land Degradation in a Semi Deciduous Forest Zone in Ghana: Geospatial Techniques Approach.

    Start date: 2014

    Principal investigator: Dr. Albert Allotey (Research Scientist), CSIR-INSTI

    Collaborating Institutions: Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

    Objective

    The main objective of this project is to map land degradation risk areas using geospatial techniques with map as the end product.

    Methodology

    Satellite imagery comprising LANDSAT 5 (Thematic Mapper –TM) and LANDSAT 7 (Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus ETM+). The images covered a period of 24 years made up of 1986, 2000 and 2010 were downloaded at no cost from US Geological Survey (USGS) site and Global Land Cover Facility site. The objective was to generate land use and land over map with respect to each of the years stated. ERDAS Imagine, ArcGIS 10.0 and Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS 16.0) were the software used. In case of the image processing, ERDAS Imagine and ArcGIS 10.0 were used while the SPSS was used for other data analysis including climate and crop production.

    Results achieved so far

    The following maps have been generated:

    1. Land use/cover maps
    2. Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) which shows plant greenness or photosynthetic activity
    3. Digital Elevation Model (DEM) has been generated from contour map covering the area.
    4. Overlay operation has been carried out and a daft land degradation risk map of the areas generated.

    Way forward

    The map generated is being analyzed and report is being complied.

NEW RESEARCH
  1. Assessment of the Impact of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) on Teaching and Learning in Basic and Second Cycles Schools in Ghana.

    Principal investigator: Dr. G. K. Frempong

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Dr. R. Y. Kofie, Dzandu, L, P., Osei, S. K., Folitse, B. Y, Obeng-Koranteng, G, Opoku-Dwomoh, C.

    Background information and justification

    The role of ICTs in education cannot be over-emphasized as it is expanding the horizon of education in many countries and has been recognized as both a necessity and an opportunity. ICT has the potential to widen access to education at all levels, to overcome physical distances, increase training opportunities, and to empower teachers and learners through access to information and innovative learning approaches – both in the classroom, from a distance, and in non-formal settings. Increase in use of ICTs including radio, television, telephone and internet will facilitate meeting the basic educational requirements of children, youth and adults. The potential of ICTs in education provide windows of opportunities for the public and private sector to adequately exploit these opportunities to enable all countries to take part in the digital revolution.

    The Ministry of Education as a result developed an ICT policy for implementation and management. The policy is to guide the rapid deployment of ICTs in all sectors and levels of education as well as in the allied agencies. This policy is to work in consonance with the National ICT Policy which identified education as one the priority focus areas for development. Some selected second cycle institutions in deprived communities in the country had received computers from Ghana Investment Fund for Electronic Communication to support teaching and learning in some schools. The implementation of the policy and the associated initiatives has gone on for a number of years. The questions to ask are: ‘What has been its impact on teaching and learning?’ ‘Are there adequate infrastructure and facilities for the students to gain hands-on experience?’ There has been no critical assessment of the impact of ICT on teaching and learning. Meanwhile, ICT has become an examinable subject for all basic school candidates in Ghana. It is therefore important for an assessment to be carried out to determine the extent to which the policy and other initiatives have been implemented in public basic and second cycle schools in the country.

    Objective

    The general objective of the study is to assess the impact of ICTs on teaching and learning in basic and second cycle schools in Ghana.

    The specific objectives of the study are to:

    1. Ascertain the infrastructure available for ICT teaching and learning.
    2. Investigate the skills of teachers for ICT application in both first and second circle public schools.
    3. Determine the impact the implementation of ICT is having on teaching and learning in both first and second circle public schools
    4. Investigate the challenges that might hinder the implementation of ICTs in schools.

    Expected beneficiaries: Ministry of Education, Administrators of Education, Policy makers, stakeholders in Education

    Materials and methods

    The study will adopt qualitative and quantitative methods in data collection. The qualitative method will involve interviews with Head-teachers, Head-masters/Head-mistresses, and teachers of ICTs in the various schools. Focus group discussions with selected students from the schools will also be held, to ascertain the impact of ICTs on teaching and learning. Heads of ICT Directorates of Ghana Education Service in the various districts will also the interviewed. With the quantitative data collection, a survey using questionnaires on target groups will be conducted.

  2. Research Scientists’ Knowledge in the Use of Internet Resources for Research in the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Ghana.

    Principal investigator:Benjamin Folitse

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Osei, S. K., Dzandu, L, P. Obeng-Koranteng, G.,

    Background information and justification

    Research Scientists in the CSIR need relevant information to undertake research. Internet resources are a major source of information and it is appropriate that research scientists are able to access the resources available on the Internet. The main purpose of the study is to assess the knowledge of agricultural research scientists in the use of Internet for research within the CSIR, Ghana. It is anticipated that the results would be used by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research and other stakeholders to plan training programmes for Agricultural Research Scientists and formulate policies to address the use of the Internet for agricultural development in Ghana.

    Objective

    The objectives of the study are to:

    1. Describe the demographic, work and internet use background of research scientists within the CSIR
    2. Determine the extent of Internet use in research
    3. Examine the Internet skills of research scientists
    4. Define the relationship between Internet skills and demographics, work and Internet background of research scientist

    Expected beneficiaries: CSIR Management, CSIR Research Scientists

    Materials and methods: Questionnaires and Interviews

  3. The Impact of Indigenous Food Processing Technologies on Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Ghana.

    Start Date: December, 2015

    Principal investigator: Grace Obeng–Koranteng, CSIR-INSTI, Ghana.

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Benjamin Folitse, Lucy Dzandu, Simon K. Osei

    Background information and justification

    Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) play an important and central role in the development of the Ghanaian economy. Essentially, some locally institutions has been established to produce indigenous food processing machines to enable the SMEs who are into food processing business to use the technology to process food. However, since the establishments of these manufacturing institutions, no study has been conducted to find out the effect of Indigenous food processing technologies on SMEs. Consequently, effort is being made to assess the activities of the institutions manufacturing the indigenous food processing machines and ascertain how significant the traditional machines are benefiting the SMEs and also, attempt to identify some of the challenges both the producers of the indigenous technology and SMEs are facing.

    Objective

    The general objective of the study is to examine the use of indigenous food processing technologies by SMEs in Ghana. The specific objectives of the study are to:

    1. Examine the use of indigenous food processing technologies in the promotion of small and medium enterprises
    2. Determine the types of services offered by the manufacturers of indigenous food processing technologies to the SMEs.
    3. Find out the level of patronage of indigenous food processing technologies by small and medium enterprises
    4. Identify challenges faced by the manufacturers of indigenous food processing technologies and the SMEs

    Expected beneficiaries: SMEs, Policy makers.

    Materials and methods

    The survey research design will be used for this study. The population will consist of GRATIS, KNUST and the SMEs in food processing enterprises in Accra and Kumasi. Random sampling technique, where all subjects will have an equal probability of being selected and used in the study will be considered. Structured questionnaires will be used for data collection

ON-GOING RESEARCH
  1. Publishing trends of Scientists of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research

    Principal investigator: Mrs. Lucy Dzandu, CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Simon Osei, Benjamin Folitse, and Jeffrey Yeboah, CSIR-INSTI, Ghana.

    Objective

    1. to collect bibliographic data on publications
    2. to produce a directory from the publications
    3. to catalogue publications resulting from research to avoid unnecessary duplication and waste of limited funds
    4. to disseminate the information compiled to research scientists, University teachers and students, policy makers and planners and industrialists

    Methodology

    The study used a secondary data. These were the annual reports of all CSIR from 1972 to 2012 that were available in the library in CSIR-INSTI. All annual reports have one of the appendices being ‘List of staff publications’. The staff publications include journal papers, technical reports, conference papers, administrative reports, consultancy reports, newsletter articles, newspaper articles and chapters in books. These were used for the study.

    Results achieved so far

    Data has been collected. A database has also been created. Fields identified include: Type of Document, Author(s), Title, Source, and Institute. One thousand, seven hundred and sixty records have so far been entered into the database. The results have been analyzed.

    Way forward

    A technical report would be developed and submitted to Management. Thereafter, an article would be published in a peer-reviewed journal to make the findings known to stakeholders.

  2. The present status of Shallot (allium ascalonicuml) farming in the Keta Municipality, Ghana

    Principal investigator: Benjamin Yao Folitse, CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Grace Obeng-Koranteng, Simon Kwame Osei, Lucy Payne Dzandu, CSIR-INSTI, Ghana.

    Objective

    The general objective of the study was to describe the status of the shallot farming enterprise in Ghana based on a case study of the Keta Municipality.

    The specific objectives were to:

    1. Describe the characteristics of the shallot farmers
    2. Identify the challenges and prospects of the shallot farming business in the country.

    Purpose of project

    To provide empirical information on the status of the shallot farming business in Ghana; this hopefully will inform production and policy decisions by government and stakeholders including farmers in their effort to promote sustainable shallot production in Ghana.

    Methodology

    The Keta Municipality was purposively selected as a case study area because it is a major shallot growing area in Ghana

    Results achieved so far

    Field trip to Keta Municipality has been made. Qualitative and quantitative data has been collected and has been analyzed. A report has been written.

    Way forward

    Results of the study will be communicated to stakeholders through the publication of an article. The paper for publication has been submitted to publishers (International Journal of Vegetable Science) and it is receiving attention.

  3. Access to Agricultural Information in the Districts and Municipalities in Ghana by Agricultural Extension Agents

    Principal investigator: Simon K. Osei, CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Benjamin Y. Folitse, and Joel Sam, CSIR-INSTI, Ghana.

    Objective

    The objective of the study was to find whether infrastructure in the form of libraries and information centres exist in the district and municipal offices, internet connectivity and availability of computers. It also sought to find out if there are enough information materials available in the libraries of District/Municipal Agricultural Directorates in Ghana.

    Methodology

    Qualitative and quantitative techniques were used to collect data. Ghana has 216 districts/municipalities. Extension workers were drawn from seventy-two (72) districts/municipalities which yielded one hundred and forty four (144) extension officers.

    Results achieved so far

    Data has been collected - a total of 144 questionnaires distributed to extension officers had been returned. The data collected has been analyzed, and a report written

    Way forward

    The results of the study will be communicated to stakeholders. An article has been written and is undergoing peer-review from colleagues in order to be published.

  4. Factors influencing the use of mobile phones in communicating agricultural information among farmers in Ghana: A case of Ho West District, Volta Region.

    Start date: February 2015

    Principal investigator: Benjamin Yao Folitse, CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Collins Opoku –Dwomoh, Lucy Dzandu, CSIR-INSTI, Ghana.

    Objective

    The specific objectives were to:

    1. Determine how ICTs can enhance access to agricultural information.
    2. Identify the role of specific ICTs in agricultural production and agribusiness.
    3. Examine the effectiveness of the commonly used ICTs in the creation and sharing of agricultural knowledge and information services.
    4. Evaluate the factors which limit the effectiveness of ICTs in facilitating agricultural production and agribusiness in the study area

    Methodology

    The study will involve a combination of approaches whereby both random and non-random sampling techniques will be employed in selecting the study area and respondents.

    Study area: The study will be conducted in four of the eight farming communities in the District.

    Data Collection

    Various techniques will be used in data collection; primary data will be collected through interviews and questionnaire. Interviews will use to collect data from rural communities. Questionnaires will be used to collect data from agricultural extension agents.

    Results achieved so far

    Questionnaire and interview schedules for the study have been developed.

    Way forward

    Data collection originally scheduled for November 2015 has been postponed to March 2016. It was postponed due to financial constraints.

  5. Assessment of Grasscutter (Thryonomys Swinderianus) Production Technologies in the Agona West Municipality, Central Region - Ghana

    Start date: February 2015

    Principal investigator: Benjamin Yao Folitse, CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Lucy Dzandu, Simon K. Osei, and Emmanuel Mensah (University of Cape Coast Practice School, Cape Coast)

    Objective

    The objectives were to:

    1. Identify the socio-economic characteristics of respondents,
    2. Assess the impact of the technologies on respondents’ production,
    3. Assess the extent to which the socio-economic characteristics of respondents influence the use of grasscutter production technologies
    4. Determine the impact of grasscutter production technologies on respondents’ livelihoods.

    Methodology

    Study area: The Agona West Municipal is located in the eastern portion of the Central Region

    Data Collection

    In all, a total of 140 respondents from the study area were selected using simple random sampling procedure from a population of 400 grasscutter farmers. An interview schedule was used to elicit information from the 140 selected respondents. Descriptive statistics such as means, frequencies and percentages were used to analyze the result. Inferential statistics used was Logistic Regression to establish the relationship between respondents’ socio-economic characteristics and adoption of grasscutter production technologies. The Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS) software version 16 was used in the analysis of the data.

    Results achieved so far

    Data has been collected and analyzed. A technical report has been written and an article for publication has also been developed.

    Way forward

    The article has been submitted to a peer reviewed journal and is receiving attention.

  6. Sources of information for urban vegetable farmers in Ghana: the case of Accra.

    Start date: January 2015

    Principal investigator: Simon K. Osei, CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Benjamin Y. Folitse, Lucy P. Dzandu and Grace Obeng-Koranteng

    Objective

    The objectives were to:

    1. Find out the socio-demographic background of vegetable farmers in the area of study.
    2. Ascertain the information sources of vegetable farmers.
    3. Determine the level of usage of the information acquired.
    4. Identify the challenges faced by vegetable farmers in accessing information.

    Methodology

    Study area: The study was conducted in the Greater Accra region of Ghana specifically the vegetable growing areas of Mamobi, Dzorwulu and Korle Bu.

    Data Collection

    Data used for this study were mainly primary and were obtained from the vegetable farmers using questionnaire. One hundred farmers were used for the study – 45 farmers were selected from Mamobi, 35 from Dzorwulu and 20 from Korle Bu.

    Results achieved so far

    Data has been collected and analyzed. A technical report has also been written.

    Way forward

    A paper for publication has been developed and accepted by the journal of Information Development (In press)

  7. Perceived Impact of Royal FM Agricultural Programme on Farmers' Livelihoods among five Districts and Municipalities in the Brong-Ahafo Region of Ghana

    Start date: June 2015

    Principal investigator: Benjamin Y. Folitse , CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Osei, K. Simon, Dzandu, P. Lucy, and Obeng-Koranteng, Grace

    Objective

    The objectives were to:

    1. Describe the socio-economic characteristics of the farmers in the study area,
    2. Assess agricultural knowledge gained by the listeners,
    3. Ascertain the perceived impact of the programme on farmers' livelihoods in the five Districts and Municipalities in the area of study,
    4. Determine farmers’ level of satisfaction with the Royal FM Agricultural programme

    Methodology

    Study area: The study was conducted in Banda, Jaman North, Tain District and Wenchi and Techiman municipalities, all in the Brong-Ahafo region of Ghana.

    Data Collection

    Data were collected through the use of interview schedule. Descriptive statistics such as means, frequencies and percentages were used to analyze the result.

    Results achieved so far

    Data has been collected and analyzed. A technical report and an article have been written.

    Way forward

    The article has been submitted to the Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology for publication, and is receiving attention.

  8. Influence of Socio-economic Characteristics of Farmers on listenership of Agricultural Radio programme: A case study of Central Region of Ghana

    Start date: June 2015

    Principal investigator: Benjamin Y. Folitse , CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Festus Annor-Frempong

    Objective

    The objectives were to:

    1. Determine the socio-demographic background of farmers influence the extent to which farmers listen to Radio agricultural programme.
    2. Examine the influence of Radio agricultural programme on farmers’ livelihood in the catchment area of broadcasting.
    3. Establish the challenges associated with the listenership of Radio agricultural programme in the study area.

    Methodology

    Study area: The study was conducted in Gomoa East, Gomoa West, Awutu-Senya districts, and Efutu and Agona West municipalities.

    Data Collection

    Data was collected through personal interview using structured interview schedule developed for the study. In all 396 farmers were interviewed. Data generated were analyzed using the descriptive statistics, Chi-square, T-test and logistic regression. The software used for the analysis was the SPSS version 21.

    Results achieved so far

    Data has been collected and analyzed.

    Way forward

    An article has been written and is undergoing peer review by colleagues.

  9. Users’ perception of the quality of service provided by an academic library: The case of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources Library of Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

    Start date: May 2015

    Principal investigator: Collins Opoku-Dwomoh , CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Folitse, Benjamin, Ahianyevi, Edinam, and Asare-Kyire, Densi (Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi)

    Objective

    The objectives were to:

    1. Measure the service quality perception of users of the CANR Library
    2. Determine the most important SERVQUAL dimension to the users

    Methodology

    The study was conducted in the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources Library (CANR Library). Data was collected from 250 students who are users of the library. The data collected was organized and analyzed using SPSS. Descriptive statistics were generated and reported in tables and charts. Mean values were reported to account for general responses provided by respondents on variables studied.

    Results achieved so far

    Data has been collected and analyzed. A technical report has been written and an article has also been written.

    Way forward

    The article has been submitted for publication and is receiving attention.

  10. Developing a framework for geo-spatial data integration for district level planning in Ghana

    Start date: January 2015

    Principal investigator: Dr. Richard Y. Kofie (Principal Research Scientist) , CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Dr. Albert Allotey (Research Scientist) & Mr. Christian Lettu (Research Scientist)

    Collaborating institutions:Ga West District and South Dayi District Assemblies

    Objective

    The objectives to:

    1. Investigate the spatial data components of the data generated by the various departments
    2. Develop a framework that will guide data integration for the use of geospatial datasets in the district assemblies
    3. To design the type of approach needed for the data integration
    4. To recommend a prototype GIS for the districts.

    Methodology

    1. Literature search/review on methods of achieving data integration
    2. Survey of the districts through visits to identify the departments or functional agencies to ascertain spatial data types generated and the type of linkages they have with sister departments
    3. Design and administration of questionnaire among the departments in the district assemblies
    4. Conduct interviews with Coordinating Directors and Planning officers on means of achieving data integration in each district context
    5. Data analysis and development of research outcome
    6. Publication of result.

    Results achieved so far

    A questionnaire was administered in the district departments (listed below), soliciting information on the linkages or data collaboration that exist within and between departments or units. This is to aid in the design of a framework that would enable the district coordinating units to know the data types that exist in the various units within Ga West Municipal Assembly.

    1. Municipal Planning Coordinating Unit
    2. Health Service Delivery Unit
    3. Town and Country Planning
    4. Department of Social Welfare
    5. Department of Food and Agriculture
    6. National Youth Council
    7. Births and Deaths Registry
    8. Department of Environmental Health
    9. Works Department
    10. Forestry Department
    11. Ghana Education Service, Ga West
    12. Department of Community Development.

    The survey in South Dayi District was abandoned as the coordinating directorate indicated their inability to provide information since the official in charge was transferred to another district. The focus of the study therefore would be based on Ga West Municipal Assembly.

    Way forward

    1. Data for Ga West Municipal Assembly is to be summarized and presented.
    2. IT programming support would be sought for the feasibility of data integration in ICT platform.
    3. Summary of the report data sets collected so far is to be summarized and report produced.
  11. The geospatial dimension of soil suitability categorization for Agricultural improvement in South Tongu District of Ghana.

    Start date: 2014

    Principal investigator: Christian Lettu, CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Dr. Richard Kofie & Dr. Albert Allotey

    Collaborating institutions:South Tongu District Assembly & Soil Research Institute (CSIR-SRI)

    Background

    In Ghana, agricultural productivity is essentially determined by many factors which include soil types, rainfall patterns, inputs and prevailing market conditions. The role of soils in the maze of factors is not contestable. This project is being carried out by the Thematic Mapping Division with the sole aim at employing GIS as a tool to depict agricultural resources and help inform decisions for agricultural improvement and increased investment in South Tongu District. It is very important to relate the current land/soils use patterns in the district as against the recommended land/soil use by FAO. Using the Geographical Information System (GIS), the similarities and differences would be extracted and presented in map form with recommendations for agricultural improvement and enhance productivity. This research would serve to make extension work easier and meaningful and would be a positive way of realizing the goal of agricultural improvement and increased investment in the district.

    Objective

    To depict soil and soil suitability information in map form in order to aid agricultural planning and policy decision-making that would help improve and increase agricultural productivity.

    Materials and Methods

    The study would look at the FAO 1990 soil suitability classification for the district as a layer or theme and set it against current agricultural land use as another layer. Using the Geospatial Information System (GIS) overlay method of analysis, the similarities and differences would be extracted and presented in map form with recommendations for agricultural improvement and enhanced productivity.

    Results achieved so far

    Overlay analysis and other comaparative analysis have been done. The research report is being finalized.

    Way forward

    A research paper is under preparation for publication in a refereed journal.

  12. Development of Regional Tourist Maps for Ghana.

    Start date: 2014

    Principal investigator: Christian Lettu, CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Dr. Albert Allotey

    Collaborating institutions:Ghana Tourist Authority, MMDAs

    Background

    This project is being carried out by the Thematic Mapping Division. The tourism sector will continue to be very relevant to Ghana’s economy and the anticipated attraction of the country will soar. Tourists would be attracted to the country for various reasons and it is important that mapped information on the sector is carried out not only at the national level but also at the regional and district levels. A few district projects carried out so far has proven this to be useful for promoting tourism and investment. This project will take the districts in each region to be selected for pilot study.

    Objective

    To produce sets of maps depicting the various facets of tourism in Ghana’s regions and districts with prominent photos of tourist sites embedded in them.

    Materials and Methods

    1. Tourism data compilation from secondary sources and classification
    2. Base data capture (Digitization)
    3. Tourist data verification
    4. Tourist data input
    5. Map composition and design
    6. Proof editing and correction
    7. Map reproduction

    Results achieved so far

    Information on all the nine draft regional tourism maps were updated.

    Way forward

    Print would be made and field verification to authenticate the tourist sites would also be carried out when funds are available.

  13. Regional Capital City mapping project

    Start date: 2014

    Principal investigator: Christian Lettu, CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Dr. Albert Allotey & Dr. Richard Kofie

    Background

    Regional capital city maps are needed for effective planning, monitoring and general city development. Again it will be ideal for such regional capital maps to be printed alongside their respective regional tourist maps as has been piloted for the Ashanti region and Kumasi as its regional capital city. The division could not lay hands on any regional capital city map for the under listed cities. There were no regional capital city maps to be updated in this sense, so the division had to start the whole project from the scratch.

    Objective

    To develop regional capital city maps for the ten regional capitals of Ghana.

    Methodology

    Roads and other themes would be digitized using “Google earth” these would create a very large volume of KML files. The large volume of KML files would then be converted to shapefiles using the X’Tool mapping functionality. The shapefiles would then be merged based on themes and a topology created for each theme. After which map design and composition would begin.

    Results achieved so far

    Map design and composition was started for Koforidua, the Eastern Regional capital.

    Way forward

    Draft city map of Koforidua is near completion. Digitizing work on Accra city is on-going.

  14. Development of geo-spatial databases for enhanced district level planning in Ghana: A thematic mapping approach.

    Start date: 2013

    Principal investigator: Dr. Albert Allotey (Research Scientist), CSIR-INSTI

    Participating and collaborating Scientists: Mr. Christian Lettu (Research Scientist) & Dr. Richard Kofie (Principal Research Scientist)

    Collaborating Institutions : Ministry of Local Government & Rural Development; District/Municipal/Metropolitan Assemblies

    Objective

    To develop a comprehensive database for the District Assemblies and to map themes relevant for development planning and investment promotion.

    Methodology

    Base maps extraction, data collection, data manipulation and analysis, digitization, maps composition. This involves the extraction of district maps from available Ghana map through a procedure called geo-processing.

    Results achieved so far

    A draft map of Ghana showing the 216 district/municipalities and their capitals have been composed and available for printing. Besides, regional district maps of Upper West, Upper East and Northern regions have been composed.

    Way Forward

    Further editing and composition of other district regional maps for Western, Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central, Volta, Eastern and Greater Accra regions would be accomplished and technical report prepared.

  15. Mapping Land Degradation in a Semi Deciduous Forest Zone in Ghana: Geospatial Techniques Approach.

    Start date: 2014

    Principal investigator: Dr. Albert Allotey (Research Scientist), CSIR-INSTI

    Collaborating Institutions: Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

    Objective

    The main objective of this project is to map land degradation risk areas using geospatial techniques with map as the end product.

    Methodology

    Satellite imagery comprising LANDSAT 5 (Thematic Mapper –TM) and LANDSAT 7 (Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus ETM+). The images covered a period of 24 years made up of 1986, 2000 and 2010 were downloaded at no cost from US Geological Survey (USGS) site and Global Land Cover Facility site. The objective was to generate land use and land over map with respect to each of the years stated. ERDAS Imagine, ArcGIS 10.0 and Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS 16.0) were the software used. In case of the image processing, ERDAS Imagine and ArcGIS 10.0 were used while the SPSS was used for other data analysis including climate and crop production.

    Results achieved so far

    The following maps have been generated:

    1. Land use/cover maps
    2. Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) which shows plant greenness or photosynthetic activity
    3. Digital Elevation Model (DEM) has been generated from contour map covering the area.
    4. Overlay operation has been carried out and a daft land degradation risk map of the areas generated.

    Way forward

    The map generated is being analyzed and report is being complied.